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World of Shipping Portugal

An International Research Conference on Maritime Affairs

21 - 22 November 2019, Carcavelos, Portugal

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About Lisbon, Portugal
Currency / Credit Cards
Shopping Hours
Entry Visa Requirements

About Lisbon, Portugal

Portugal is one of the oldest nations in Europe. The Country can be traced back to the end of the end of the 9th century, when King Alfonso III of Asturias established a small minor county located in the area of Portus Cale. This small county became part of the Kingdom of León when the Kingdom of Asturias was later divided.
At the end of the 11th century, the Burgundian knight D. Afonso Henriques became count of Portugal and fought for its independence. Portugal broke away from the Kingdom of Galicia. In 1095 and D. Afonso Henriques became the first Portuguese King.
Numerous battles took place, and in the 12th century, the Country gained its independence from the other kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula. A century later, in 1249, with the conquest of the Algarve, Portugal definitively established its continental border and its land boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the 13th century. Lisbon became the capital of Portugal in 1255.
Close to the end of the 13th century, King Dinis founded Coimbra University, one of the oldest in Europe.
In 1386, under the House of Aviz, Portugal and England created an alliance, the Treaty of Windsor that still remains in force.
Driven by the poor economic conditions and by the willingness to find an alternative route to India, Portugal embarked on a fantastic venture that would change the existing trade routes.
In the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, the Portuguese were the first Europeans to sail to Africa, to the distant Orient and the heart of South America, from where they brought a wealth of treasures. Before plying along the coast of Africa, the Portuguese sailors discovered the archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, which are still part of our territory in the Atlantic. The Portuguese reached India in 1497 and discovered Brazil in 1500.
For further information about the chronology of the Portuguese discoveries click here.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal became a world power by building a vast and unique empire. During the two centuries that followed, Portugal kept most of its colonies, but gradually lost much of its wealth and status as the Dutch, English, and French took an increasing share of the spice and slave trades by surrounding or conquering the widely scattered Portuguese trading posts and territories.
During these years, Portugal has witnessed so many sailings and arrivals to the extent that its culture has assimilated peoples of different origins; an heritage that is still seen today.
Between 1581 to 1640, Portugal was under the rule of the Spanish crown, namely the Philippine Dynasty of Spain, because of a dynastic crisis. However, the country would regain its independence in 1640 when D. João IV, from the House of Braganza took the throne back.
The 18th century witnessed King João V, an absolutist monarch and a patron of the arts, building a huge palace and convent in Mafra and the great aqueduct that supplied Lisbon’s water. The same century witness the greatest earthquake of 1755, which completely destroyed Lisbon.
After the earthquake, a new architecture emerged, the Pombalina architecture, after Marquês de Pombal, the head of government at that time.
During the 19th century, the monarchy weakened by clashes among the different factions and in 1910 Portugal became a republic.
The 1974 April revolution brought numerous changes into the life of the Portuguese people. Since 1986, the country has become a Member-State of the European Union.
Portugal still keeps its traditions and our gastronomy is very rich. July is a great month for eating fish, especially sardines, and the codfish is one of our main dishes. There are 1001 was of cooking it.
Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal. It is a nice city located on the hills in front of the River Tagus, near the Atlantic Ocean.
The 13th of June is the day of Saint António, the patron of the city. There will be many popular festivities at night, you can eat typical specialities like sardines, drink wine and dance all night along. Bairro Alto and Alfama are still very traditional neighbourhoods.

Lisbon hosts two agencies of the European Union, namely, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) and the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA).

Discover Portugal by watching the video below!
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Portuguese is the third most spoken European language in the world and the native tongue of about 200 million people. Most of the people are able to speak English, French and Spanish.
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Climate in Portugal varies considerably from one region to another and is influenced by the relief, latitude and proximity to the sea, which offers mild winters, especially in the Algarve.
Before coming, do check Weather Underground Website here.
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Currency / Credit Cards

The official currency is the Euro; 1 Euro (€) is divided into 100 cents.
  The coins come in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, and 1 and 2 Euros.
  The notes are differentiated by their size and colour and come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 Euros.
All Euro coins can be used in any Euro-zone country, irrespective of which national symbols they display.
You can exchange money at banks, which are open from 8.30 a .m. to 3 p.m. five working days a week; at bureaux de change; and at automatic currency exchange machines. The latter are for currency sale transactions only.
Portugal has a national network of cash machines (ATMs) identified by the symbol MB (Multibanco), from which you can withdraw cash 24 hours a day.You can find one wherever you go.
The most commonly used credit cards are: Visa, Visa Electron, American Express, Diners Club, Europay / MasterCard, JCB and Maestro.
If your Visa or MasterCard credit card is lost or stolen, contact the following telephone numbers for assistance:
  Visa: Tel. 800 811 107
  MasterCard: Tel. 800 811 272
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Shopping Hours

As a rule, shops are opened from Monday to Friday, from 9 or 10 a .m. to 7 p.m. Some close for lunch from 1 to 3 p.m. On Saturdays, shops are always closed in the afternoon.
Despite this there are numerous shopping centres that are usually opened from 10 a .m. to midnight every day of the week. They have stores with the main international brands.
There are two shopping centres close to Estorl / Cascais: the Cascaishopping and the Oeiras Parque Shopping Centres.
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Entry Visa Requirements

Citizens of the European Union, Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland only need an identity card to enter Portugal.
In case of minors, they need their identity card and an authorisation from their parents to travel.
For visits of less than 90 days, visitors from Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, United States, Uruguay, Vatican, Venezuela and Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China in Hong Kong and Macao need a valid passport for at least three months after the end of their stay.
Citizens from countries not mentioned above need a visa to enter Portugal, which may be requested at the Portuguese Embassy or Consulate of their country for stays of up to 90 days.
Flights between Schengen states are considered to be internal flights and passengers do not need to obtain another visa given the terms of the Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement.
Despite this information, please visit the Visa webpages of the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs by clicking here.
Related links:
  Visa requests 
  Portuguese consulates
  Portuguese Immigration Authority
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During winter time, between 1 a .m. on the last Sunday in October and 1 a .m. on the last Sunday in March, the official time in mainland Portugal and Madeira is the Universal Time Coordinated (UTC).
Summer time takes place between 1 a .m. on the last Sunday in March and 1 a .m. on the last Sunday in October and the official time in mainland Portugal and Madeira is Universal Time Coordinated plus one hour.
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2019 © Ana Cristina Casaca Privacy Policy Updated @ 22 March 2019